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Marie appelée la Magdaléenne (Marie, Marie-Madeleine)

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Mary Magdalene is the mother of Jesus: the absolute proof


Mary Magdalene is the mother of Jesus: the absolute proof
Mary Magdalene is the mother of Jesus: the absolute proof

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John 19: 25-27 includes, not just one, but three successive chiasms (Thierry Murcia, 2015, 2017) which are themselves at the centre of a macro-chiasm highlighted by the eminent scholar Raymond E. Brown:


“Crucifixion and Burial (19:16b-42): Raymond Brown (1970: 911; 1994, 2: 908) recognises an inverted parallelism (chiasm) in John 19:16b-42, having verses 25-27 at the centre. Brown’s arrangement of the whole narrative as five episodes with an introduction and a conclusion is helpful and is followed or acknowledged by many commentators (Moloney, 1998: 502; Stibbe, 1993: 193, 194).” – John Perumbalath, Confident and Imaginative: Scripture & Hermeneutic in the Johannine Passion Narrative and today, Potchefstroom, 2007, p. 34-35.

Chiastic structure in John 19:16b-42 (Raymond E. Brown)

So here we have a macro-structure (“macro-chiasm”) of the type ABCDCBA (John 19:16b-42) whose center (D) is itself – at the micro-structural level – a series of three chiasms (or “micro-chiasms”) of type ABBA (John 19:25-27).

Mary Magdalene is the mother of Jesus: the absolute proof

And the first chiasm (John 19:25) reveals who is who: “His mother (A) and his mother’sister (B) [namely]: Mary the [wife] of Clopas (B) and Mary of Magdala (A)”.

Chiasmus (X): cross-shaped figure (ABBA type) in John 19, 25


Moreover, we can see that Mary of Magdala is always present and that she is always mentioned first… except in John 19:25: our chiasmus!

Polyvios Konis (2008)

We are obviously dealing with an extremely complex structure. It can in no way be a mere coincidence.


Thierry Murcia, PhD, Aix-Marseille University (UMR 7297)



Raymond E. Brown, The Death of the Messiah. From Gethsemane to the Grave: A Commentary on the Passion Narratives in the Four Gospels, New York, Doubleday, 2 vols, 1994.

Thierry Murcia, “Marie de Magdala : la Mère de Jésus ?”, Connaissance Hellénique 141, juillet 2015 (28/06/2015), article premier: http://ch.hypotheses.org/1278 / (English translation on Academia: “Is Mary of Magdala the mother of Jesus?”)

Thierry Murcia, Marie appelée la Magdaléenne – ier-viiie siècle – Entre Traditions et Histoire, Aix-en-Provence, Presses Universitaires de Provence, 2017 (420 p).

Thierry Murcia, Marie-Madeleine : l’insoupçonnable vérité ou Pourquoi Marie-Madeleine ne peut pas avoir été la femme de Jésus (propos recueillis par Nicolas Koberich), La Vie des Classiques (Belles Lettres), 2017 (available on Academia).

Thierry Murcia, “Marie de Magdala et la Mère de Jésus”, Revue des études tardo-antiques VIII, supplément 6, 2018-2019, p. 47-69 (available on Academia).






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Mary Magdalene - Mary of Magdala: The truth is out there. Historical Research – “The Greatest Obstacle to Discovery Is Not Ignorance — It Is the Illusion of Knowledge”




Marie appelée la Magdaléenne (Marie, Marie-Madeleine) : Site historique consacré à Marie, surnommée “la Magdaléenne” (alias Marie de Magdala, alias Marie-Madeleine)


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